Print

Impressão – Acto ou efeito de imprimir através de gravação ou reprodução mediante pressão do papel ou qualquer outro suporte; as reproduções gráficas podem ser obtidas por impressão directa ou indirecta; (…) Qualidade ou tipo de letra de uma edição; Edição; Marca ou sinal deixado ao imprimir; Diz-se da obra impressa, forma e meios de consegui-la e ainda do próprio acto de a executar; Conjunto de exemplares de uma edição produzida de uma só vez ou numa só operação; Número de exemplares impressos pela primeira vez; Aquela que é feita em formas ou matrizes cilíndricas ou curvas; (…) Registo, em suporte papel, dos resultados de um processamento por meios informáticos.

FARIA, Maria Isabel; PERICÃO, Maria GraçaDicionário do Livro: da Escrita ao Livro Eletrónico. Coimbra: Edições Almedina, 2008. (Página 641)

Over the long term the printing press increased literacy by making print available to the general public.  Prior to the printing press books were very expensive because it was such a laborious task to hand-scribe a book.  This created a situation where only the elite were able to afford books and thus only a small percentage of the population knew how to read and write.  With the invention of the printing press, better quality of books were published and since they were able to be mass produced, the expense was reduced, making books more affordable to the general public.

MCLUHAN, M. The gutenberg galaxy: the making of typographic man.University of Toronto Press 1962 (Página 207)

http://courses.educ.ubc.ca/etec540/Sept04/arthurp/researchtopic/index.htm

The printing press gave writing a consistent look and feel.  Prior to the invention of the printing press individual scribes would hand write the text leading to inconsistent writing and grammar.  However, the mechanization of the printing press achieved more regular spacing and hyphenation of the print.

BOLTER, Jay David.Writing space: Computers, hypertext, and the remediation of print [2nd edition]. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. 2001

http://courses.educ.ubc.ca/etec540/Sept04/arthurp/researchtopic/index.htm

Modern man has to absorb every day a mass of printed matter witch, whether he has asked for it or not, is delivered through his letter-box or confronts him everywhere out of doors. At first, today’s printing differed from that of previous times less in form than in quantity. But as the quantity increased, the “form” also began to change: the speed with the modern consumer of printing has to absorb it means that the form of priting also must adapt itself to the conditions of modern life.

TSCHICHOLD, Jan. The Principles of the New Typography. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2006. (Página 115)

Digital 

Livro Eletrónico– Aquele em que as palavras ou códigos foram substituídos pelos de uma outra linguagem ou código legível por máquina; surgiu como alternativa ao livro, texto e documento em suporte papel; não pretende substituir o livro na sua totalidade, mas o seu objectivo é conquistar o segmento do utilizador constituído por actividades como as de médicos, juristas, engenheiros e altos quadros, que necessitam da informação permanente e actualizada.

FARIA, Maria Isabel; PERICÃO, Maria GraçaDicionário do Livro: da Escrita ao Livro Eletrónico. Coimbra: Edições Almedina, 2008. (Página 776)

E-books are books that you can’t show off, like the Great Gatsby in his library of books that he never read. They are the non-auratic, often pirated stuff that you actually want to read, or at least to keyword search footnote:[This creates major problems for the publishing industry that sells a large amount its products to people who just shelve them]. This will unbind books in the same way that mp3 has unbound music. But this is not the kind of unbinding that was imagined in the interactive hypermedia visions of the 1990s.

As a result, e-books are more restricted in their media richness and artistic design possibilities than print books.

in the age of electronic publishing, all print books strive to become coffeetable books, often with warm, fuzzy, ‘unbound’ characterics.

CRAMER, Florian. What blinds a book. 2011 (Páginas 7, 8)
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About joanahacl

Joana Lourenço portfólio, nº8057, Design de Comunicação. Faculdade de Belas Artes da Universidade de Lisboa

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