“Ellipsis, however, is the omission of elements that are inferable from the context and thus constitutes a mismatch between sound and meaning.”

(in The Syntactic Licensing of Ellipsis, Lobke Aelbrecht)

“Gaps are everywhere. At least, it seems essentially human to recognize gaps, to note the spaces between things as well as the things there are spaces between, to register when the things themselves are incomplete, lacking some potential elements in the wholeness we expect of them. Our sense of the incomplete is probably twofold. We can look upon gaps as structural facts, taking into account such things as the size and nature of the missing element. We can also respond to the perceptual or aesthetic effect a gap creates. As you would expect (…) the topic here is the gaps that occur in language. Definitions of ellipsis.”

(in Mind the Gap, Peter Wilson)

“No doubt there are places where the nuance provided by ellipsis points is appropriate and necessary. The voice hangs suspended and retains the same pitch, while before a period it descends.”

“Ellipsis points indicate that either a few letters of a word or one or more words have been omitted. Grammar calls this omission of words ellipsis.

A poet writes:

/ do not know what it could mean that I am saddened so.
A fable out of ancient times,
it comes from nothing I have known. *

An ellipsis clown:

/ do not know what it could mean that I am saddened so….
A fable out of ancient times,
it comes from nothing I have known

Whether one or more words have been omitted, in every case only three ellipsis points are set, even when the manuscript indicates four or more. Here and there one sees only two points printed; this is indistinct and fraught with danger. Three ellipsis points only is correct.”

(in The Form of the Book Essays on the Morality of Good Design, Jan Tschichold)

Use ellipses that fit the font

“Most digital fonts now include, among other things, a prefabricated ellipsis (a row of three baseline dots). Many typographers nevertheless prefer to make their own. Some prefer to set the three dots flush … with a normal word space before and after. Others prefer . . . to add thin spaces between the dots.”

(in The Elements of Typographic Style, Robert Bringhurst)

Treat the punctuation as notation, not expression, most of the time.

Now and again the typographer finds on his desk a manuscript in which the exclamation marks and question marks stand six or nine together. Certain words may be written in bold capitals and others may be underlined five times. If the page has been written by hand, the dashes may get longer, and the screamers (exclamations) may get taller as they go. With sufficient equipment and time, the typographer can actually come close to reproducing what he sees; he can even increase its dramatic intensity in any of several ways.”

(in The Elements of Typographic Style, Robert Bringhurst)

Pontuação: Acto ou efeito de pontuar escrita para facilitar a sua leitura, indicar as pausas, entoação e divisões do discurso. Nos manuscritos gregos mais antigos a pontuação não era usada, embora alguns sinais fossem usados aqui e ali no texto pelos estudantes alexandrinos como auxiliares na leitura de um texto contínuo.

(In Dicionário do Livro)

Are they affect or effect? By thinking of (and with) punctuation marks as “material” events, in this study I explore how and why punctuation is matter that performs affect effectively and vice versa. Moreover, by examining punctuation’s (inter)actions as cultural performances, I argue that punctuation plays a key role in our quotidian movements and missteps by stopping, staying, and delaying the incessant flows of information to which we are subject.”

(in Punctuation: Art, Politics, and Play, Jennifer DeVere Brody)



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